Bai Dinh pagoda complex has been recognized by many Southeast Asian records. And the Arhat Corridor is a unique architectural work with a monumental scale.
Arhat is a shortened word, fully called Arahant. In Hinayana Buddhism, Arhat is the final state of a being on the path to liberation, has passed the four stages (four fruits) of Arhat, reached a very high achievement, that is, cultivation has been completed. Enlightenment, to the eternal tranquility of Nirvana, free from the cycle of birth and death. In Mahayana Buddhism, Arhats are replaced by Bodhisattvas . If he is liberated for himself, then the Bodhisattva has the ability to help others to be liberated as well.
In short, the Arhat are those who have attained enlightenment, some are below Bodhisattvas, some are Bodhisattvas. They can go to Nirvana to become Buddhas, but please stay in the world to spread Buddhist scriptures and save sentient beings. They are the disciples of Buddha. Arhat is also known as Survivor.
Bai Dinh Pagoda was built with many records of Vietnam and Southeast Asia; Arhat corridor at the temple also set a record as the largest Arhat corridor in Vietnam. Along the corridor are placed 500 Arhats made of stone. This is considered a large number because no temple in Vietnam has placed so many Arhats. From Tam Quan wooden house along the east and west directions to Ta vu and Huu vu, each side consists of 117 corridors. These Arhat corridors are all built of wood, according to the architecture of stacking beds, then, after that. The roof material is glazed tile taken from Bat Trang pottery village. Since ancient times, Bat Trang pottery village has been famous for the art of making pottery, ceramic tiles, and tiles with sophisticated and diverse patterns.
From the two east-west corners in two rows of ancient wooden houses at Tam Quan Noi, vertically straight to the two houses of Ta Vu and Huu Vu, each side builds 117 corridor houses, with a length of 526m. In total, there are 234 compartments on both sides.
The rows of Arhat houses in Bai Dinh pagoda are all wooden architectures, in the style of stacking beds, fronts, and rears, roofed with dark brown Bat Trang tube glazed tiles, each room is 4.5m long and 4.5m wide. The columns and trusses are all made of quartet wood, each column is 4.05m high, the column diameter is 0.4m. In addition to the corridors for the statues of Arhats, there are 6 gates on either side (3 gates on each side) to go in and out of the Arhat house, each gate has 3 compartments (the nave is 4.5m wide, with 4 doors installed). ironwood on the outside, two 3m wide side compartments, built a closed wall outside). The columns of the gate are 7.6m high, 0.45m in diameter, each gate has 8 columns in two rows and 4 because. Gate height to the roof is 9.6m. Only the gate in the corners of the roof has a roof.
Each row of Arhat corridor houses is designed from low to high, with 22 steps, each step is 1.35m high, so the column is 5.4m high.
The amount of wood to make two rows of Arhat corridor houses in Bai Dinh pagoda accounts for the most, about 3,500 blocks of quartet wood.
In those corridors, 500 Arhat statues made of monolithic stone are placed. Each room has only 3 Arhat stone statues. These 500 Arhat stone statues are made by the hands of the most talented artisans of the stone village of Ninh Van commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province. Sculptors did the work of creating a sample of 500 Arhats in one year (2004).
It can be said that these are 500 stone Arhats of Vietnam created by Vietnamese people, of course based on Chinese sketches. Therefore, these 500 Arhats in Bai Dinh Pagoda may not be the same as China’s 500 Arhat statues in detail. Each statue has a different shape, style, charisma, and mood, but they all have a common feature that is a mixture of human suffering with the immortal and noble spirit of the missionary.
These 500 Arhats of Bai Dinh pagoda are big and tall, the whole pedestal is up to 2.5m high, different in shape, face, from eyes, nose, ears, mouth; cheekbones, … no statue is the same.
The technique of carving Arhat Arhat statues in Bai Dinh pagoda here is well-trimmed, the lines are very elegant, flexible, soft and elaborate.
500 stone Arhat statues at Bai Dinh pagoda are 500 talented stone sculptures.
The front calves of 500 Arhat statues of Bai Dinh pagoda are engraved with the name of each Venerable, in Vietnamese (above), Chinese (below) and numbered.
Among the 500 Arhats at Bai Dinh Pagoda, Venerable A Nha Kieu Tran Nhu is the first Arhat, at number one. He was one of five people who followed Siddhartha from the very beginning, becoming Shakyamuni’s earliest disciple. The statue of him has a good fat figure, a calm and gentle demeanor, showing that he is a master of the Buddha’s teachings and has steadfast faith.
The 500th venerable is Praying for All, which comes from the Buddha’s teachings, ‘a vow to keep his virtue through countless kalpas, practice in countless Buddhas, perfect and primordial merit: never leaving the world. , stay with sentient beings who have not yet been liberated.