As a mixed heritage and the first and only dual world heritage in Southeast Asia, Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex possesses a unique and impressive natural landscape. Coming here, you will surely be overwhelmed when standing in front of the natural scenery that overlaps with mountains, caves, diverse flora and fauna ecosystems and a series of other famous historical sites. Today, let’s follow MIA.vn to discover this most special heritage complex.
Different from the bustle of the city or the crowdedness of the sea, Trang An is nestled in the gentle beauty of green mountains. The quiet and contemplative natural beauty at the same time has made many people come to Trang An, once coming will want to come again.
Cultural relics and caves in Trang An scenic complex
Nam Trang An citadel is the southern defense system of Hoa Lu citadel, so there are many temples and vestiges of later Dinh and Tran dynasties. There are many historical sites located deep in the forest that visitors will encounter on the typical pilgrimage such as:
Trinh Temple: Trinh Temple is the place to worship 4 gods of Dinh Dynasty, 2 Ta Thanh Tru and 2 Huu Thanh Tru. During their reign, they were the General Superintendent in charge of the king’s gold and silver vaults. Legend has it, when King Dinh Tien Hoang died, the court was in turmoil, they hid Dinh Toan here to avoid the arrest of Le Hoan. When Empress Dowager Duong Van Nga handed over the hat and robe to cede the throne to the Ten Commandments of General Le Hoan, they did not submit and died in this area, the people built a palace on the side of the mountain to worship them. .
Tu Tru Temple: Tu Tru Temple is located next to Trinh Temple, a relic worshiping 4 great gods of the Dinh Dynasty, including Prime Minister Nguyen Bac, Foreign Border Dinh Dien, Thai Monk Luu Co and Thuong Thu Trinh Tu.
Tran Ninh Binh Temple: built by King Dinh Tien Hoang at the same time as Hung Temple, later King Tran Thai Tong came here to establish Vu Lam Palace and continued to improve its surface, so it was called Tran Temple.
Tran Temple is the place to worship Quy Minh, the god of the southern gate of Hoa Lu. The temple is also known as Noi Lam temple (the temple in the forest). Tran Noi Lam Temple together with Vu Lam and Van Lam formed Tam Lam under the Tran Dynasty. Tran Ninh Binh Temple Festival takes place on the 18th day of the third lunar month every year, along with Hoa Lu ancient capital festival, Bai Dinh pagoda festival are major festivals in Ninh Binh.
Phu Khong: Located on a narrow strip of land, with its back leaning against Khong cave, on the right is a steep rocky mountain range, in front of an immense water valley. Phu Khong is the place to worship 7 loyal officials of Dinh dynasty, associated with legends when King Dinh Tien Hoang died, 7 court officials carried many coffins buried in all directions and then committed suicide to keep secrets. about the real grave. A general guarding the southern citadel was extremely grateful for the goodwill of the 7 loyalists, so he set up a bowl of incense to worship here. After this general died, the people in the area built a temple and planted a tree right in front of the palace to commemorate the loyalists. The thousand-year-old tree has two types of fruit: 1 round and 1 flat
Vu Lam Palace:Vu Lam Palace Tourist Area is located deep in the forest area of Trang An World Heritage Complex, to get to Vu Lam Palace tourist area, visitors will be able to sit on traditional boats owned by local people. sail, experience the close connection with nature, feel the pure and splendid beauty of caves and strange rocks and return to the golden features of the nation’s history in the process of building and defending the country. , the Vietnam Institute of Archeology excavated and explored the valley and found thousands of artifacts on the surface and in the dug holes. The center of Vu Lam palace worships the king and mandarins of the Tran Dynasty. Under the Tran Dynasty, there was the famous god Truong Han Sieu, he was originally from Ninh Binh, was a famous artist of the Tran Dynasty, and was an effective guest of Tran Hung Dao. Truong Han Sieu has a strong personality, profound education, made great contributions to the second and third resistance wars against the Yuan Mongols. During the period when King Tran Nhan Tong returned to this land to practice, then the famous god Truong Han Sieu also retreated to hermitage and established a monastery to practice in his hometown of Ninh Binh. That is why Truong Han Sieu is also worshiped by the people at this relic.
Cao Son Temple: worshiping Cao Son god in Tay Hoa Lu town. God Cao Son, while patrolling the mountains of Vu Lam (Ninh Binh), found a tree that was used instead of rice to save hunger and was worshiped by the people. The temple is located on a tourist route in Trang An eco-tourism area, along with other attractions such as Suoi Tien Temple and Vu Lam Palace.
Suoi Tien Temple: located at the upstream of Ngo Dong River, is actually an extension of the Tam Coc tourist route but is connected in the second tourist route in Trang An eco-tourism area. Temple of Quy Minh god in Nam Hoa Lu town. The temple is located in the middle of a deserted mountainous area, upstream of Tien stream and can only be accessed by boat.
Trang An festival takes place in 3 days, from March 17 to 19 of the lunar calendar every year to honor the two gods Quy Minh, Cao Son, Hoa Lu, and the first kings of the Tran Dynasty who established Vu Lam palace. . The ceremony with many traditional rituals takes place on the river such as: water procession, palanquin and dragon procession to show gratitude to the ancestors who had the merit of keeping the land and protecting the country. The processions go in groups on boats, starting from Trang An wharf, the delegation goes along the Sao Khe river to process water through Vu Lam palace, Cao Son temple to Suoi Tien temple and perform sacrifices here.
Trang An scenic complex is indeed a famous dual heritage throughout the five continents and four pools. Possessing the most beautiful and charming karst tower landscape in the world and a system of caves and temples imbued with national identity, Trang An is the perfect destination for those who love to explore. How about you, do you want to come here once?